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英文常用三十五條文法結構

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英文常用三十五條文法結構

一、~~~the + ~ est + 名詞 +(that)+ 主詞 + have ever + seen
(known/heard/had/read, etc) ~~~ the most + 形容詞 + 名詞 +(that)+ 主詞 +
have ever + seen(known/heard/had/read, etc)
例句:Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen.
海倫是我所看過最美麗的女孩。
Mr. Chang is the kindest teacher that I have ever had.
張老師是我曾經遇到最仁慈的教師。
二、Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V
Nothing is + more + 形容詞 + than to + V
例句:Nothing is more important than to receive education.
沒有比接受教育更重要的事。
三、~~~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much.
(再怎麼強調...
的重要性也不為過。)
例句:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too
much.
我們再怎麼強調保護眼睛的重要性也不為過。
四、There is no denying that + S + V ...
(不可否認的……)
例句:There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone
from bad to worse.
不可否認的,我們的生活品質已經每況愈下。
五、It is universally acknowledged that + 句子~~
(全世界都知道……)
例句:It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable tous.
全世界都知道樹木對我們是不可或缺的。
六、There is no doubt that + 句子~~
(毫無疑問的……)
例句:There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something
to be desired.
毫無疑問的我們的教育制度令人不滿意。
七、An advantage of ~~~ is that +
句子(……的優點是……)
例句:An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won't create
(produce) any pollution.
使用太陽能的優點是它不會製造任何污染。
八、The reason why + 句子 ~~~ is that +
句子(……的原因是……)
例句:The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide
us with fresh air.
The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh
air for us.
我們必
須種樹的原因是它們能供應我們新鮮的空氣。
九、So + 形容詞 + be + 主詞 + that +
句子(如此……以致於……)
例句:So precious is time that we can't afford to waste it.
時間是如此珍貴,它經不起我們浪費。
十、Adj + as + Subject
(主詞)+ be, S + V~~~
(雖然……)
例句:Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no
means satisfactory.
{by no means = in no way = on no account 一點也不}
雖然我們的國家富有,我們的生活品質絕對令人不滿意。
十一、The + ~er + S + V, ~~~ the + ~er + S + V ~~~
The + more + Adj + S + V, ~~~ the + more + Adj + S + V
~~~
(愈……愈……)
例句:The harder you work, the more progress you make.
你愈努力,你愈進步。
The more books we read, the more learned we become.
我們書讀愈多,我們愈有學問。
十二、By +Ving, ~~ can ~~
(借著……,……能夠……)
例句:By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy.
借著做運動,我們能夠始終保持健康。
十三、~~~ enable + Object
(受詞)+ to + V (……使……能夠……)
例句:Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed.
聽音樂使我們能夠感覺輕鬆。
十四、On no account can we + V ~~~
(我們絕對不能……)
例句:On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.
我們絕對不能忽略知識的價值。
十五、It is time + S + 過去式
(該是……
的時候了)
例句:It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve
the traffic problems.
該是有關當局採取適當的措施來解決交通問題的時候了。
十六、Those who ~~~ (……的人……)
例句:Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished.
違反交通規定的人應該受處罰。
十七、There is no one but ~~~
(沒有人不……)
例句:There is no one but longs to go to college.
沒有人不渴望上大學。
十八、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V
(不得不……)
例句:Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to
give up doing sports. 的
既然考試迫在眉睫,我不得不放棄做
運動。
十九、It is conceivable that + 句子
(可想而知的)
It is obvious that + 句子
(明顯的)
It is apparent that + 句子
(顯然的)
例句:It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our
life.
可想而知,知識在我們的一生中扮演一個重要的角色。
二十、That is the reason why ~~~
(那就是……
的原因)
例句:Summer is sultry. That is the reason why I don't like it.
夏天很燠熱。那就是我不喜歡它的原因。
二十一、For the past +
時間,S + 現在完成式...
(過去……
年來,……一直……)
例句:For the past two years, I have been busy preparing for the
examination.
過去兩年來,我一直忙著準備考試。
二十二、Since + S +
過去式,S +
現在完成式。
例句:Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard.
自從他上高中,他一直很用功。
二十三、It pays to + V ~~~ (……
是值得的。)
例句:It pays to help others.
幫助別人是值得的。
二十四、be based on
(以……
為基礎)
例句:The progress of thee society is based on harmony.
社會的進步是以和諧為基礎的。
二十五、Spare no effort to + V
(不遺餘力的)
We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.
我們應該不遺餘力的美化我們的環境。
二十六、bring home to + 人 + 事
(讓……明白……
事)
例句:We should bring home to people the value of working hard.
我們應該讓人們明白努力的價值。
二十七、be closely related to ~~
(與……
息息相關)
例句:Taking exercise is closely related to health.
做運動與健康息息相關。
二十八、Get into the habit of + Ving
= make it a rule to + V
(養成……
的習慣)
We should get into the habit of keeping good hours.
我們應該養成早睡早起的習慣。
二十九、Due to/Owing to/Thanks to + N/Ving, ~~
(因為……)
例句:Thanks to his encouragement, I finally realized my dream.
因為他的鼓勵,我終於實現我的夢想。
三十、What a + Adj + N + S + V!= How + Adj + a + N + V!
(多麼……!)
例句:What an important thing it is to keep our promise!
How important a thing it is to keep our promise!
遵守諾言是多麼重要的事!
三十一、Leave much to be desired
(令人不滿意)
例句:The condition of our traffic leaves much to be desired.
我們的交通狀況令人不滿意。
三十二、Have a great influence on ~~ (對……
有很大的影響)
例句:Smoking has a great influence on our health.
抽煙對我們的健康有很大的影響。
三十三、do good to
(對...
有益),do harm to
(對……
有害)
例句:Reading does good to our mind.
讀書對心靈有益。
Overwork does harm to health.
工作過度對健康有害。
三十四、Pose a great threat to ~~
(對……造成
一大威脅)
例句:Pollution poses a great threat to our existence.
污染對我們的生存造成一大威脅。
三十五、do one's utmost to + V = do one's best
(盡全力去……)
例句:We should do our utmost to achieve our goal in life.
我們應盡全力去達成我們的人生目標。
   

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[ 本帖最後由 benhwha2002 於 2010-2-17 06:14 AM 編輯 ]

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